Women in Parliament / National Assembly

Parliament is responsible for promoting democratic governance and ensuring that the provisions of the constitution are upheld and all institutions and agencies of government at every level act constitutionally and in national interest. The parliament consists of elected and/or nominated representatives responsible for making and changing the laws of the country.

Women in Parliament in SADC Member States, 1995-2018 

Country

(No. Women MPs 1995)

Women MPs 1997(%)

Women MPs 2000(%)

Women MPs 2006(%)

Women MPs

2009(%)

Women MPs

2010 (%)

Women MPs

2012 (%)

Women MPs

2015(%)

Women MPs

2017 (%)

Women MPs

2018 (%)

Total Seats Parliament 2018

Angola

9.7

15.4

12.3

38.2

38.6

34.1

36.8

30.5

30.5

220

Botswana

9.0

18.2

11.3

7.9

7.9

9.5

9.5

9.5

9.5

63

Comoros

--

--

--

--

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

33

DRC

--

--

12

8.4 (L)

4.6 (U)

8.4 (L)

4.6 (U)

10.4 (L)

4.6 (U)

8.9 (L)

4.6 (U)

8.9 (L)

4.6 (U)

8.9 (L)

4.6 (U)

492 (L)

108 (U)

Lesotho

12.0

10.3

14.0

25.0

13.6 (L)

40.0 (U)

25.8 (L)

27.3 (U)

25.0 (L)

24.2 (U)

6.2 (L)

33.3 (U)

7.2 (L)

23.3 (U)

120 (L)

33 (U)

Madagascar

--

--

24.0

7.87

24.2 (L)

18.2 (U)

--

20.5 (L)

19.0 (U)

22.1 (L)

25.0 (U)

22.1 (L)

25.0 (U)

151 (L)

63 (U)

Malawi

5.2

8.3

15.0

26.0

12.5 (L)

11.1 (U)

22.3

16.7

19.2 (L)

20.6 (U)

19.2 (L) 20.6 (U)

192

Mauritius

7.6

7.6

17.1

17.1

20.8

18.6

11.6

16.7

16.7

69

Mozambique

28.4

28.6

32.8

39.2

18.8

39.2

39.6

11.6

11.6

250

Namibia

19.4

19.2

31.0

24.4

39.2

24.4 (L)

26.9 (U)

41.3 (L)

23.8 (U)

39.6

39.6

104 (L)

42 (U)

Seychelles

27.3

24.0

29.4

23.5

24.4 (L)

26.9 (U)

43.8

43.8

41.3 (L)

23.8 (U)

46.2 (L)

23.8 (U)

32

South Africa

 

27.8

29.8

32.8

42.3

23.5

42.3 (L)

32.1 (U)

42.4(L)

35.2 (U)

21.2

21.2

399(L)

54(U)

Swaziland

19.0

7.3

19.0

13.6

44.5 (L)

29.6 (U)

13.6 (L)

40.0 (U)

6.2 (L)

33.3 (U)

41.8(L)

35.2 (U)

42.2(L)

35.2 (U)

65(L)

30(U)

Tanzania

16.3

21.2

30.4

30.4

--

36.0

36.6

37.2

37.2

377

Zambia

18.1

10.0

12.0

14.0

14.0

11.5

12.7

18.0

18.0

158

Zimbabwe

14.0

10.7

16.0

15.2

15.0 (L)

24.2 (U)

15.0 (L)

24.7 (U)

31.5(L)

47.5 (U)

32.6 (L)

48.1 (U)

31.5 (L)

43.8 (U)

270(L)

80(U)

1.        (L) Lower House (U) Upper House

2.        Half of the SADC Member States use a single Parliamentary system without an Upper House

3.        --no data Note that Madagascar joined SADC in 2005

4.     -Source National progress reports on implementation of the SADC Protocol on Gender and Development; National Parliaments; Southern Africa Today (SADC/SARDC), since 1997; SADC Gender Monitor 1999, 2001, 2006, 2009, 2013; Status of Women in Southern Africa, Information Briefs, 1995, produced for SADC by the Southern African Research and Documentation Centre (SARDC) programme on Women in Development Southern Africa Awareness (WIDSAA).

 

Woman Presiding Officers of Parliament / Senate / National Council

1994

1999

2004

2005

2008

2009

2010

2014

2015

South Africa

Speaker of ParliamentHonFreneGinwala1994-2004

 

 

Lesotho

Speaker of Parliament Hon NtlhoiMotsamai1999-2012

South Africa

Speaker of ParliamentHonBalekaMbete

2004-2008

Zimbabwe

President of Senate

Hon Edna Madzongwe

2005+

Swaziland

President of Senate Hon GelaneZwane

2008 - 2013

Botswana

Speaker of Parliament Hon Dr Margaret Nasha

2009 - 2014

Mozambique

Presidente, Assembleia da Republica

Hon Veronica Macamo

2010 +

Tanzania

Speaker of the Bunge

Hon Anne Makinda

2010-2015

Botswana Speaker of Parliament

Hon Gladys Kokorwe2014+

Madagascar

Speaker of Parliament

Hon Christine Razanamahasoa

2014- 2014

Mauritus

Speaker of Parliament Hon

Santi Bai 'Maya' Hanoomanjee2014+

South Africa

Speaker of Parliament Hon BalekaMbete2014+

South Africa

Chairperson of National Council of Provinces Hon. ThandiModise 2014+

Lesotho

Speaker of Parliament Hon NtlhoiMotsamai2015+

Namibia

Chairperson to National Council

Hon Margret Mensah-Williams

2015 +

 

Women in National Parliaments – World Averages by Region

 

Single House
or Lower House %

Upper House
or Senate

%

Both Houses
combined

%

Nordic countries

41.1

---

---

Americas

27.7

27.0

27.6

Europe - OSCE member countries
excluding Nordic countries

24.3

24.7

24.4

Sub-Saharan Africa

23.1

21.9

22.9

Asia

19.2

15.1

18.8

Arab States

18.4

12.1

17.5

Pacific

13.5

36.0

16.0

Data compiled by the Inter-Parliamentary Union on the basis of information provided by National Parliaments

by 1 June 2016. Percentages do not take into account Parliaments for which no data was available at that date.

Regions are classified by descending order of the percentage of women in the Single or Lower House.

 

Women in National Parliaments – World Average

World Average - Single or Lower House

World Average - Upper House or Senate

World Average -- Both Houses Combined

Total MPs

39 149

Total MPs

6 875

Total MPs

46 024

Gender breakdown known for

38 662

Gender breakdown known for

6 875

Gender breakdown known for

45 537

Men

29 849

Men

5 371

Men

35 210

Women

8 813

Women

1 514

Women

10 327

Global % women

22.8%

Global % women

22.0%

Global % women

22.7%

 

Women in National Parliaments – Regional and Global Rankings for SADC Member States, June 2016

Regional Rank

Global Rank

 

Country

Lower or Single House

Upper House/ Senate/ National Council

Election Year

Total Seats

Women

% Women

Election Year

TotalSeats

Women

% Women

1 (1)

4 (5)

Seychelles

09.2011

32

14

43.8(43.8)

--

--

--

--

2 (2)

7(8)

SouthAfricaa

05.2014

399

169

42.4(42.3)

05.2014

54

19

35.2 (32.1)

3 (7)

11(47)

Namibia

11.2014

104

43

41.3(24.4)

12.2015

42 (26)

10

23.8 (26.9)

4 (3)

15(12)

Mozambique

10.2014

250

99

39.6(39.2)

--

--

--

--

5 (5)

23(22)

Angola

08.2012

220

81

36.8(34.1)

--

--

--

 

6(4)

25(20)

Tanzaniab

10.2015

372

136

36.6(36.0)

--

--

--

--

7 (10)

38(89)

Zimbabwec

07.2013

270

85

31.5(15.0)

07.2013

80

38

47.5(24.7)

8(6)

67(38)

Lesotho

02.2015

120

30

25.0(26.7)

03.2015

33

8

24.2 (27.3)

9 (-)

84 (-)

Madagascard

12.2013

151

31

20.5

12.2015

63

12

19.0

10(8)

110(57)

Malawi

05.2014

192

32

16.7 (22.3)

--

--

--

--

11 (12)

138(107)

Zambia

09.2011

158

20

12.7 (11.5)

--

--

--

--

12(9)

144(72)

Mauritius

10.2014

69

8

11.6 (18.8)

--

--

--

--

13 (14)

155 (124)

Botswanae

10.2014

63

6

9.5 (7.9)

--

--

--

--

14 (13)

161 (117)

DRC

11.2011

492

44

8.9 (8.9)

01.2007

108

5

4.6(5.6)

15 (11)

171 (97)

Swazilandf

09.2013

65

4

6.2 (13.6)

10.2013

30

10

33.3 (40)

 

Source IPU using information provided by National Parliaments at 1 June 2016

 

 

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